Health Education Standards

Elementary Standards

  • Standard 1: Personal Health and Fitness

    Students will have the necessary knowledge and skills to establish and maintain physical fitness, participate in physical activity, and maintain personal health. Students will understand human growth and development and recognize the relationship between behaviors and healthy development. They will understand ways to promote health and prevent disease and will demonstrate and practice positive health behaviors. 

    Goals for students:

    • Know how basic body systems work and interrelate in normal patterns of growth and development
    • Possess basic knowledge and skills which support positive health choices and behaviors
    • Understand how behaviors such as food selection, exercise, and rest affect growth and development
    • Recognize influences which affect health choices and behaviors
    • Know about some diseases and disorders and how they are prevented and treated
    • Practice and support others in making healthy choices

    This is evident, for example, when students:

    • Describe the basic structure and functions of human body systems
    • Identify the harmful effects of alcohol, tobacco and other drugs
    • Explain how eating nutritionally balanced meals and snacks promotes health
    • Describe the physical, social and emotional indicators of healthy people
    • Demonstrate the use of interpersonal communication skills to enhance health
    • Identify responsible health behaviors and demonstrate strategies to improve or maintain personal health
    • Demonstrate health practices such as washing hands, covering one’s mouth when coughing or sneezing, and brushing and flossing teeth
    • Identify common health problems and indicate how they can be prevented, detected and treated
    • Set a personal health goal and track progress toward its achievement

    Standard 2: A Safe and Healthy Environment

    Students will demonstrate personally and socially responsible behaviors. They will care for and respect themselves and others. They will recognize threats to the environment and offer appropriate strategies to minimize them.

    Goals for students:

    • Understand basic safety rules
    • Recognize potentially dangerous situations and know how to avoid or reduce their risk
    • Know some personal and social skills which contribute to individual safety
    • Recognize characteristics of the environment that contribute to health

    This is evident, for example, when students:

    • Describe personal safety rules to avoid such things as abuse, abduction, poisoning, and accidents
    • Discuss how following safety rules help to protect people at home and in the school and community
    • Apply safety rules to prevent injury
    • Demonstrate ways to avoid and reduce threatening situations
    • Identify ways to care for and show respect for self and others
    • Demonstrate refusal skills to protect health
    • Identify ways to protect and preserve a healthy environment
    • Develop a safety plan for healthy living.

    Standard 3: Resource Management

    Students will understand the influence of culture, media, and technology in making decisions about personal and community health issues. They will know about and use valid health information, products, and services. Students will advocate for healthy families and communities.

    Goals for students:

    • Identify characteristics of valid health information and health-promoting products and services and know where to locate them
    • Understand how culture contributes to individual family and community beliefs and practices affecting health
    • Know how to access help when illness, injury, or emergency situations occur
    • Recognize how the media influences health choices

    This is evident, for example, when students:

    • Describe how to access resources in the home, school and community to assist with health problems
    • Demonstrate how to use "911" or similar emergency services
    • Describe how culture influences personal health behaviors such as selection of food
    • Identify the ways various media promote products and services that influence health choices

Intermediate Health Education

  • Standard 1: Personal Health and Fitness

    Students will understand human growth and development and recognize the relationship between behaviors and healthy development. They will understand ways to promote health and prevent disease and will demonstrate and practice positive health behaviors.

    Goals for students:

    • Integrate knowledge of basic body systems with an understanding of the changes that accompany puberty apply prevention and risk reduction strategies to adolescent health problems
    • Demonstrate the necessary knowledge and skills to promote healthy adolescent development
    • Analyze the multiple influences which affect health decisions and behaviors

    This is evident, for example, when students:

    • Describe bodily changes that occur during adolescence
    • Demonstrate a variety of problem solving, communication and stress management skills to address health compromising behaviors such as fad dieting, alcohol, tobacco, and other drug use, early sexual involvement and violent behavior
    • Predict how decisions regarding health behaviors have consequences for self and others
    • Describe the interrelationship of social, emotional and physical health during adolescence
    • Explain how lifestyle, family history and other factors are related to the cause or prevention of diseases and other health problems

    Standard 2: A Safe and Healthy Environment

    Students will demonstrate personally and socially responsible behaviors. They will care for and respect themselves and others. They will recognize threats to the environment and offer appropriate strategies to minimize them.

    Goals for students:

    • Assess potentially dangerous situations and demonstrate the skills to avoid or reduce their risks
    • Demonstrate personal and social skills which enhance personal health and safety
    • Understand the need for personal involvement in improving the environment

    This is evident, for example, when students:

    • Demonstrate conflict management and negotiation skills
    • Analyze how environment and personal health are inter-related
    • Analyze the possible causes of conflict among youth in schools and communities
    • Identify strategies to avoid or reduce threatening peer situations
    • Apply safety rules in situations which have the potential for harm
    • Demonstrate ways to care for and show respect for self and others
    • Demonstrate accurate use of the heimlich maneuver

    Standard 3: Resource Management

    Students will understand the influence of culture, media, and technology in making decisions about personal and community health issues. They will know about and use valid health information, products, and services. Students will advocate for healthy families and communities.

    Goals for students:

    • Distinguish between valid and invalid health information, products and services
    • Recognize how cultural beliefs influence health behaviors and the use of health services
    • Demonstrate the ability to work cooperatively when advocating for healthy individuals, families and schools
    • Analyze how media and technology influence the selection of health information, products and services
    • Recognize the need to be an advocate for family and community health
    • Demonstrate the ability to access community health services for prevention, illness, and emergency care

    This is evident, for example, when students:

    • Explain how community norms contribute to health
    • Identify family and community health issues and propose various solutions to address them
    • Analyze how information from peers influences health decisions and behaviors
    • Explain how the timely use of health care services can prevent premature death and disability
    • Identify community agencies which advocate for healthy families and communities
    • Analyze the consequences of invalid information on the health of individuals, families and communities
    • Analyze cultural influences on health and the use of health services

Commencement Health Education

  • Standard 1: Personal Health and Fitness

    Students will understand human growth and development and recognize the relationship between behaviors and healthy development. They will understand ways to promote health and prevent disease and will demonstrate and practice positive health behaviors.

    Goals for students:

    • Understand human growth and development throughout the life cycle
    • Demonstrate the necessary knowledge and skills to promote healthy development into adulthood
    • Apply prevention and risk reduction strategies which can delay the onset or reduce the risk of potential health problems into adulthood
    • Evaluate how the multiple influences which affect health decisions and behaviors can be altered

    This is evident, for example, when students:

    • Analyze personal dietary patterns and develop dietary plans to meet changing nutritional requirements
    • Evaluate a case study to determine strategies for health enhancement and risk reduction
    • Identify the consequences associated with engaging in high risk behaviors which compromise health, such as smoking, violent behavior, or driving under the influence of alcohol/drugs
    • Identify the characteristics of social and emotional health which are critical to adulthood

    Standard 2: A Safe and Healthy Environment

    Students will demonstrate personally and socially responsible behaviors. They will care for and respect themselves and others. They will recognize threats to the environment and offer appropriate strategies to minimize them.

    Goals for students:

    Recognize hazardous conditions in the home, school, work place, and community and propose solutions to eliminate or reduce them

    • Evaluate personal and social skills which contribute to health and safety of self and others
    • Recognize how individual behavior affects the quality of the environment

    This is evident, for example, when students:

    • Design and implement a plan to improve safety in the home, school, workplace or community
    • Use universal precautions and apply first aid, CPR. and other emergency procedures appropriately
    • Describe and demonstrate appropriate strategies to avoid or cope with potentially dangerous situations, such as dating violence or assault
    • Develop community approaches which enhance and protect the quality of the environment
    • Analyze how health laws, policies and regulations protect personal and environmental safety
    • Demonstrate ways to care for and show respect for self and others

    Standard 3: Resource Management

    Students will understand the influence of culture, media, and technology in making decisions about personal and community health issues. They will know about and use valid health information, products, and services. Students will advocate for healthy families and communities.

    Goals for students:

    • Demonstrate how to evaluate health information, products and services for validity and reliability
    • Analyze how cultural beliefs influence health behaviors and the use of health products and servicesdemonstrate the ability to access community health services for self and others
    • Use technology and the media to promote positive health messages
    • Demonstrate advocacy skills in promoting individual, family and community health

    This is evident, for example, when students:

    • Identify local, state and federal agencies which provide health information and are regulating health products and services
    • Describe how to obtain health services appropriate for individual needs and how to refer friends and family members to appropriate health services or providers
    • Identify criteria to measure the accuracy, reliability and validity of claims for health care products and services
    • Design a media campaign which promotes a positive health message
    • Analyze how cultural diversity enriches and challenges health behaviors
    • Assess the internet to assist in research for senior project